úterý 27. května 2014

Pravěk digitální archivace - článek z roku 1985

Fox, Lisa L. (1985) "Archival Preservation in the Age of Technology," Provenance, Journal of the Society of Georgia Archivists: Vol. 3: Iss. 1, Article 4. 
Available at: http://digitalcommons.kennesaw.edu/provenance/vol3/iss1/4

"Preservation planning should anticipate that 
there will be changes in technology. While printed 
documents can be read without the devices that 
created them, others (such as sound recordings and 
computer tapes) are useless, without accompanying 
hardware. One university accepted an important 
collection of wire recordings that was frequently 
used by researchers; but when the player wore out and 
could not be replaced, the information on the 
recordings was lost. Having learned from such 
experiences, archivists should plan carefully to 
ensure continued access to the computer data 
in the future. 

Computer technology changes rapidly, rendering 
hardware obsolete within a decade, so archivists 
should anticipate the future obsolescence of some 
computer resources. It may now seem quite adequate 
to accept, process, and store safely a floppy disk 
created on, say, an IBM Personal Computer. But 
twenty years from now (or probably much sooner) IBM 
(assuming it still exists) may no longer make a PC 
nor the software to support it. How will the 
information on the well-preserved disks be accessed 
then? Just as the wire recordings could have been 
transferred to another medium before the player wore 
out, so can computer data be preserved in another 
media for security purposes. Of course, much 
computer data is of only short-term value, so its 
long-range preservation is not necessary. However, 
it might be worthwhile to establish one of two 
policies to ensure that machine-readable data remain 
usable in the long range. An archive might implement 
a policy requiring that machine-readable data which 
has archival value must, when transferred to the 
repository, be accompanied by a hard-copy version on 
permanent paper. Alternatively, schedules for the 
review and potential re-copying of machine-readable 
data should be established and consulted regularly
With the increased use of computers and 
microcomputers, archivists should expect to begin 
receiving a great deal of computer printout paper
not only from accounting departments and university 
registrars, but from the growing number of 
individuals who use computer technology to compose 
and communicate for business and personal purposes. 
As it becomes more widely used, this paper will pose 
some problems to preservation because of its size and 
None of these comments is intended to imply that 
archives and manuscript repositories will suddenly be 
inundated by floppy disks, computer tape, and 
printout paper. However, as computer technology 
comes to play a more important role in education, 
government, research, and personal life, archivists 
should expect to notice the impact in the kinds of 
materials they receive. It is important, therefore, 
to begin now to plan the preservation response to 
these technologies."

Žádné komentáře: